Food Pyramid Benefits | Role Products and Importance | Food Pyramid

Food Pyramid Benefits

Fat & Sweers

  • Role – The Fats and Sweets group contains no vitamins or minerals and left are just plain calories. Satured fats (contained in butter, cream, oils) are particulary bad for health.
  • Products – Butter, Oils, Candies, Cakes …
  • Importance – Smallest group, Sparingly

Milk & Cheese

  • Role – Milk and its derivative products are a rich source of dietary calcium, but also provide protein, phosphorus, vitamins (A and D). Calcium is a mineral which is essential for healthy bones
  • Products – Milk, Yogurt, Cheese …
  • Importance – Small group, 2-3 servings

Meat & Beans

  • Role – The Meat group is rich in protein, iron, zinc, and vitamins (B). Protein is very important for maintaing healthy muscles, tendons, bones, skin, hair, blood, and internal organs
  • Products – Meat, Poultry, Dry beans, Fish, Eggs, Nuts
  • Importance – Small group, 2-3 servings


  • Role – Fruits are low in calories and fat and are a source of natural sugars, fibers and vitamin (C).
  • Products – Apples, Bananas, Oranges, Berries …
  • Importance – Medium-size group, 2-4 servings


  • Role – Vegetables contain essential vitamins (A and C) and minerals (iron, calcium, …) that are important for body to grow and function.
  • Products – Potatoes, Broccoli, Carrot, Spinach, …
  • Importance – Medium-size group, 3-5 servings


  • Role – Careals (grains) consist of carbohydrates, an exellent source of energy. They are not fattening and provide vitamins (B), minerals and fibres.
  • Products – Bread, Rice, Wheat, Pasta, …
  • Importance – Largest group, 6-11 servings

food pyramid benefits